引用本文: 蒋明珠,应晓华,马海峰,等.我国二类疫苗集中采购程序及核心要素分析[J].中国卫生经济,2022,41(11):17-20,23.[点击复制] JIANG Ming-zhu,YING Xiao-hua,MA Hai-feng,et al.Study on the Centralized Procurement Procedures and Core Elements of the Non-Immunization Program Vaccines[J].CHINESE HEALTH ECONOMICS,2022,41(11):17-20,23.[点击复制]
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我国二类疫苗集中采购程序及核心要素分析
蒋明珠,应晓华,马海峰,汤金燕,郭瑷玲
0
(复旦大学公共卫生学院 上海 200032)
摘要:
目的:分析二类疫苗集中采购的基础性政策,揭示疫苗采购的主要程序与核心要素,以期提出优化建议。方法:运用内容分析法,进行词频统计与共现网络构建,结合对比分析法,总结各省份二类疫苗采购的共性与差异。结果:我国二类疫苗集中采购程序包括规划、遴选、执行,共涉及采购目录、采购公告、疫苗接收与购入等17个核心要素。其中,集中采购周期以1年为主,疫苗报价大部分参考各省份的价格水平,定标时主要采取评审模式。结论:各省份二类疫苗集中采购程序与框架一致,采购环境趋于公开、规范,应完善二类疫苗监测与评价、深化遴选标准、健全评审人才队伍等,促进我国二类疫苗采购良性发展。
关键词:  二类疫苗集中采购  采购程序  核心要素
DOI:
基金项目:
Study on the Centralized Procurement Procedures and Core Elements of the Non-Immunization Program Vaccines
JIANG Ming-zhu,YING Xiao-hua,MA Hai-feng,TANG jin-yan,GUO ai-ling
(School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032 , China)
Abstract:
Objective: To analyze the basic policy texts of centralized procurement of non-immunization program vaccines, reveal the main procedures and core elements of vaccine procurement, and propose optimization suggestions. Methods: The content analysis method is used to conduct word frequency statistics and co-occurrence network construction. Combined with the comparative analysis method, the commonalities and differences in the procurement of non-immunization program vaccines in different regions are summarized. Results: The centralized procurement procedures for non-immunization program vaccines include planning, selection and implement. It involves 17 core elements including procurement catalogs, vaccine announcement, and vaccine reception. Among them, the centralized procurement cycle is mainly 1 year, and most vaccine quotation is based on reference of the surrounding provinces, the evaluation is mainly on expert review. Conclusion: The centralized procurement procedures and frameworks of the non-immunization program vaccines are consistent, and the procurement environment tends to be open and standardized. The monitoring and evaluation of the non-immunization program vaccines should be improved, the selection criteria should be deepened, and the evaluation talent team should be improved to promote the healthy development of the vaccine procurement.
Key words:  non-immunization program vaccine centralized procurement  procurement process  core element

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